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Primate Images

PROSIMIANS

Prosimians (“pre-monkey”) are divided into three main divisions; the Lemuriformes, the Lorisiformes, and the Tarsiiformes. They rely heavily on their sense of smell and have a longer snout than monkeys and apes. Their range is Africa and Asia.

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NEW WORLD MONKEYS

New World Monkeys are categorized as platyrrhine (“flat-nosed”) primates and are divided into two families; the Callitrichidae and the Cebidae. Their range is Central and South America.

Traits unique to New World Monkeys include their dentition, clawlike nails, and frequent twin births. Additionally, most species possess prehensile (“grasping”) tails.

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OLD WORLD MONKEYS

Old World Monkeys are categorized as catarrhine (“downward-nosed”) primates and are divided into two subfamilies; the Cercopithecinae and the Colobinae. Their range is Africa, Asia, and Gibraltar.

Traits unique to Old World Monkeys include their dentition, flat nails, and non-prehensile tail.

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APES AND HUMANS

Apes and Humans are categorized as catarrhine (“downward-nosed”) primates and are divided into two families; the Hylobatidae and the Hominidae. Their range is Africa and Southeast Asia (and in the case of Hominidae, worldwide).

Traits unique to Apes and Humans include the lack of a tail and the presence of an appendix.

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For additional pictures, visit the Primate Information Network’s audiovisual archive

Aotus and Saimiri photos courtesy of Primate Research Laboratory, University of South Alabama, used by permission.

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